Saka tien shan

The samples of mtDNA extracted from the Tien Shan Saka belonged to C4, H4d, T2a1, U5a1d2b, H2a, U5a1a1, HV6 (two samples), D4j8 (two samples), W1c and G2a1. The study detected significant genetic differences between the Sakas and Scythians of the Pannonian Basin, and between Sakas of southern Siberia, the central steppe and the Tian Shan. Tian Shan Sakas were found to be of about 70% Western …

The article deals with the emergence and spread of combat hatchets in the territory of the Saka culture of Tien Shan region. It was a formidable weapon, which made it possible to effectively fight against the armor-protected enemy, but in the course of the Saka period it was a rare weapon in this region. There are only four known finds of this type of weapon in Tien Shan region. Three of them …

Summary/Abstract: The article deals with the emergence and spread of combat hatchets in the territory of the Saka culture of Tien Shan region. It was a formidable weapon, which made it possible to effectively fight against the armor-protected enemy, but in the course of the Saka period it was a rare weapon in this region. There are only four known finds of this type of weapon in Tien Shan

The Tien Shan is bounded to the north by the Junggar (Dzungarian) Basin of northwestern China and the southern Kazakhstan plains and to the southeast by the Tarim (Talimu) Basin.

1) The Sakas were displaced from Semirechye and the Tien Shan by the Great Yuezhi. They then moved west along the usual route of migration for nomads of this area, but this event took place beyond the view of the Chinese authors and was presented by Greek authors as a migration of the Sakaraucae.

Flanked by mountain ranges, the region is a state reserve home to several endangered species, including the Tien Shan brown bear and the enigmatic snow leopard. The waters of the lake never freeze © Novoselov, Shutterstock

The Saka and Hun Iron Age samples are also from previously published papers, and are from the Tien Shan region, which is located near the borders of Kyrgystan, Kazakhstan, and China. The software qpAdm which is included in ADMIXTOOLS at Reich Lab, and is extensively utilized to obtain admixture proportions.

The Scythians, Sarmatians, Saka and latest BA-early IA Steppe populations like Karasuk are predominantly admixed with Mongolia_N, but this changes dramatically with the appearance of historical Turkics. In fact, the amount of genetic continuity from e.g. Slab Grave to modern Mongols is extremely low, at least on the autosomal side.