The CHM/MHRA has stated that non-prescription cough and cold medicines containing ephedrine can be considered for up to 5 days’ treatment in children aged 6–12 years after basic principles of best care have been tried; these medicines should not be used in children under 6 years of age.
What is ephedrine? Ephedrine is used for temporary relief of shortness of breath, chest tightness, and wheezing due to bronchial asthma. Ephedrine may also be used for other conditions as determined by your doctor. Ephedrine is a decongestant and bronchodilator.
The most common side-effects of ephedrine are tachycardia, anxiety, nausea, restlessness and insomnia. Tremor, dry mouth, impaired circulation to the extremities, hypertension, headache and cardiac arrhythmias may occur. Tolerance with dependence has been reported with prolonged administration.
Ephedrine hydrochloride or sulfate self-medication in children ≥12 years of age: 12.5–25 mg every 4 hours as needed for treatment of mild symptoms of intermittent asthma; administer in fixed combination with guaifenesin. 176 198
All Doses Standardized to Ephedrine HCl In an ECA stack, ephedrine is dosed at 20-24mg for three doses taken throughout the day. Human studies have found success with ephedrine in isolation on fat metabolism with doses of 20-50mg thrice a day. The higher range (150mg) may be too stimulatory for some, and can induce headaches or light hand tremors.
Ephedrine is a sympathomimetic amine and substituted amphetamine. It is similar in molecular structure to phenylpropanolamine, methamphetamine, and epinephrine (adrenaline). Chemically, it is an alkaloid with a phenethylamine skeleton found in various plants in the genus Ephedra (family Ephedraceae).
Chemically, Ephedrine HCL is a sympathomimetic, which means it unfolds the sympathetic nervous system (a part of the autonomic nervous system). It also acts as an adrenoceptor agonist, increasing the release of adrenaline and noradrenaline. Ephedrine can be produced naturally from the plant Ephedra, as well as chemically in a lab.